IUFRO Spotlight #91 - Forests and Water
IUFRO Spotlight is an initiative of the International Union of Forest Research Organizations. Its aim is to introduce, in a timely fashion, significant findings in forest research from IUFRO officeholders and member organizations to a worldwide network of decision makers, policy makers and researchers.
IUFRO will encapsulate, and distribute in plain language, brief, topical and policy-relevant highlights of those findings, along with information on where/how to access the full documents. The IUFRO Spotlight findings will be distributed in a periodic series of emails as well as blog postings.
Forests and Water
Science-Policy-Practice Interface for Managing Forest and Water Interactions under a Changing Environment
PDF for download<https://www.iufro.org/fileadmin/material/publications/spotlights/spotlight9…>
[Photo showing a forest behind a lake. Photo: Kalexander73 on Pixabay.]
Kalexander73 on Pixabay
Water is fundamental to life on earth. What may not be quite so obvious is that forests are equally vital resources for life on the planet.
And the two - water and forests - are inseparable in the pursuit of a sustainable and sustainably developed world. Therefore, forests and water resources have been identified as essential elements in adaptation to climate change.
The IUFRO-sponsored Forests and Water science-policy forum at the IUFRO World Day provided a platform for scientists, forest managers and decision-makers from the Asia-Oceania region to share insights and experiences about forest and water interactions from different perspectives.
Among the significant challenges discussed by the forum panelists were the increasing competition for water resources, the positive and negative impacts of carbon sequestration due to large scale afforestation and reforestation, climate change-related shifts in rainfall patterns and capacity building requirements among civil groups at various levels to ensure competent engagement in forest and water management.
To address the challenges of competition for water, a range of technical, social and political actions have been suggested - technical advancements such as GIS, remote sensing and climate modelling to better understand the full hydrological cycle, targeted reforestation, better integration of planted forests in the wider landscape, good community engagement and tighter regulatory environments
[Photo showing a lake surrounded by mountains, with forests. Photo: Vandaagevenniet on Pixabay]
Vandaagevenniet on Pixabay
Integrated watershed management was also advocated as a way to deal with the impact of changes in rainfall due to climate change. This varies across the region; in some areas such as Japan there have been record-breaking heavy rains, while in others there have been droughts.
Forests play a crucial role in supplying clean water, help prevent environmental hazards such as soil erosion and flooding as well as ensuring many other ecological functions. Any forest changes - and their interactions with climate - can significantly affect water resources and water-related ecological functions and services.
Therefore, managing forests for water provision is an important priority in various international initiatives (Bonn Challenge, UN SDGs etc.). In addition, there is an active agenda to use reforestation for landscape restoration and to mitigate rising atmospheric carbon dioxide content.
The forum panelists also underlined that communicating and sharing technical advances and policies must be strengthened to ensure that research on forest and water interactions in a changing environment is appropriately addressed.
The opening address for the forum was delivered by IUFRO Vice President Liu Shirong of the Chinese Academy of Forestry.
Keynote presentations were given by Meine van Noordwijk, World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), Nairobi, Kenya; and by Richard Harper of Murdoch University, Perth, Australia. Richard Harper is also Deputy Coordinator of IUFRO's Task Force on Forests and Water Interactions in a Changing Environment.
The panel discussion featured:
Brenda Baillie, Northland Regional Council, New Zealand;
Mingfang Zhang, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China;
Kyoichi Otsuki, Kyushu University, Japan;
Diomedes A. Racelis, University of the Philippines Los Baños, Philippines; and
Hyung Tae Choi, National Institute of Forest Science, Republic of Korea.
The online discussion was one of three science-policy forums organized for IUFRO World Day. (The other two - Forests and Fire and Forest-based Bioeconomy for All - will be covered in separate Spotlights.)
Link to the forums: Science & Policy | IUFRO World Day<https://www.iufroworldday.org/science-policy-forums>
Link to the recording: Forest-Water-Session<https://www.dropbox.com/sh/mvgx0sb8myq2tbr/AAC5IFBrbk2wWD5TO6YcG92ua/Sessio…>
IUFRO World Day was a worldwide digital event that took place on September 28-29 in three time zones around the world. It comprised 24 hours of forest-related research topics, networking, and emerging issues of relevancy for global policy makers. The event was designed to showcase the diversity of the IUFRO network, including IUFRO's scientific units and IUFRO's member organizations, to facilitate networking, and to enhance communication and outreach.
The World Day comprised 79 live sessions from IUFRO Units and Members - including the three forums mentioned above - covering highly relevant topics for policy makers as well as three central IUFRO sessions, one in each time zone. Over 3000 participants from more than 100 countries registered for the event. IUFRO: IUFRO World Day - Digital Forest Science Forum 2021 / Events<https://www.iufro.org/events/iufro-world-day/>
The findings reported in IUFRO Spotlight are submitted by IUFRO officeholders and member organizations. IUFRO is pleased to highlight and circulate these findings to a broad audience but, in doing so, acts only as a conduit. The quality and accuracy of the reports are the responsibility of the member organization and the authors.
Suggestions for reports and findings that could be promoted through IUFRO Spotlight are encouraged. To be considered, reports should be fresh, have policy implications and be applicable to more than one country. If you would like to have a publication highlighted by Spotlight, contact: Gerda Wolfrum, wolfrum(at)iufro.org<mailto:email@example.com>.
The International Union of Forest Research Organizations (IUFRO) is the only worldwide organization devoted to forest research and related sciences. Its members are research institutions, universities, and individual scientists as well as decision-making authorities and other stakeholders with a focus on forests and trees.
IUFRO Spotlight #91, published in December 2021
by IUFRO Headquarters, Marxergasse 2, 1030 Vienna, Austria.
Available for download at: https://www.iufro.org/media/iufro-spotlights/
Contact the editor at office(at)iufro.org<mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org> or visit https://www.iufro.org/
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Issue 11/12, 2021
IUFRO NEWS 11/12, 2021
Dear Reader of IUFRO News:
We are happy to present to you double issue 11/12 of IUFRO News 2021, volume 50!
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World Forests, Society and Environment
[Photo showing Restoration of degraded forest reserve. Photo Form Ghana Ltd.]
Read an interview Dr. Pia Katila, Coordinator of IUFRO's Special Project on World Forests, Society and Environment (IUFRO-WFSE). She talks about the development and aims of the Project, recent highlights and achievements and a major publication to be launched in 2022. More<https://www.iufro.org/index.php?id=7321#c33459>…
IUFRO News in its 50th Year
The leading article of IUFRO News Vol. 31, 2002, issue 4, had the title "The Year of Changes". It highlighted the new visual image of IUFRO, among other things, and a call for the "continuation of change" by then IUFRO President Risto Seppälä. It also included a comprehensive article about IUFRO-WFSE. More<https://www.iufro.org/index.php?id=7321#c33456>…
ITTO and IUFRO Release Learning Modules to Encourage Forest Landscape Restoration
[Photo showing High school students learning about forest values during a field trip to the Lanjak Entimau Wildlife Sanctuary in Sarawak, Malaysia. Photo: Sarawak Forest Department.]
The International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO) and IUFRO have released a free series of learning modules for high-school and university students to guide further understanding on forest landscape restoration (FLR). The modules were prepared as a contribution to the 2021–2030 UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration. More<https://www.iufro.org/index.php?id=7321#c33454>…
ESCAMP Supports Forest Landscape Restoration (FLR) Mentorship in Sri Lanka
[Photo showing a Screenshot from ESCAMP video]
The Sri Lankan Forest Department, Ecosystem Conservation and Management Project (ESCAMP) project, with the collaboration of IUFRO, is implementing a two-year program aiming to address the current shortage of trained forest landscape restoration practitioners in the country. The project is also presented in a series of videos. More<https://www.iufro.org/index.php?id=7321#c33453>…
First Meeting of the Global Forest Expert Panel on Forests and Human Health
[Photo showing a person walking in a park. Photo by Emma Simpson on Unsplash.]
Renowned scientists with diverse expertise were invited to join the Global Forest Expert Panel (GFEP) on Forests and Human Health. The Panel comprises a wide range of expertise including, epidemiology, public health, urban forestry, mental health and recreation, resource valuation, traditional knowledge, and food and nutrition, to mention a few. More<https://www.iufro.org/index.php?id=7321#c33452>…
40th Anniversary Conference of IUFRO Research Group 4.05.00
[Photo showing a forest. Photo by Tomáš Pospíšil.]
On 4-6 October 2021, the annual conference of IUFRO Research Group (RG) 4.05.00 Managerial Economics and Accounting and its Working Parties (WP) to discuss managerial, social and environmental aspects of the forest-based sector for sustainable development and celebrate the Groups 40th anniversary. More<https://www.iufro.org/index.php?id=7321#c33451>…
Air Pollution Threats to Plant Ecosystems
[Photo showing APPC2021 - Group photo by M.S. Alam]
Air pollution and climate change remain a threat to natural ecosystems, urging for international cooperation and unified research efforts. The Mediterranean region is key for addressing global goals on plant ecosystems due to its unique biodiversity. A conference in Paphos, Cyprus, on 11-15 October, put the focus on these goals. More<https://www.iufro.org/index.php?id=7321#c33450>…
Tree Resistance to Diseases and Pests – Interaction with and Facilitation by the Microbiome
[Photo showing webinar announcement. Screenshot provided by Caterina Villari.]
Tree resistance to pests and pathogens can be driven by different and often interlinked mechanisms, such as the presence of mechanical or chemical direct defenses The webinar on 13 October 2021 aimed to discuss one aspect that is still relatively unexplored, namely the role of the host-associated microbiome in modulating resistance. More<https://www.iufro.org/index.php?id=7321#c33449>…
Automation in Forest Operations
Forest operations are evolving rapidly. Thanks to the development of technology a number of applications are now available as fully applicable products or at concept/prototype stages in the area of teleoperation, semi-automation and full automation. The webinar series "Automation in Forest Operations" comprised three webinars. More<https://www.iufro.org/index.php?id=7321#c33448>…
3rd IUFRO Acacia Conference 2021
[Photo showing Keynote address by Dr. Sadanandan Nambiar Credit: Forest Department Sarawak]
Non-native acacias have become dominant components of many Southeast Asian plantation landscapes. They are increasingly being threatened by insect pests and pathogens. Regional collaboration in Southeast Asia is urgently needed. Against this background, 620 participants from 29 countries attended the 3rd IUFRO Acacia Conference 2021. More<https://www.iufro.org/index.php?id=7321#c33462>…
Introduction, Breeding, Propagation and Deployment of Pacific Northwest Conifers Around the World: 70 Years of Progress, Opportunities and Challenges
[Photo showing Group Photo of WP 2.02.05 meeting, Day 2. Credit: LE STUDIUM]
The Working Party on Breeding and Genetic Resources of Pacific Northwest Conifers held a virtual meeting on November 8-10, which covered a wide range of topics, including provenance variation, IUFRO trials, species introduction, genetics, breeding, seed orchards, biotic threats including drought and adaptation to climate change, etc. More<https://www.iufro.org/index.php?id=7321#c33463>…
IUFRO All-Division 1 Online Discussion
Research on silviculture is often conducted at tree or stand level. However, recent forest-related issues require a scale-up of silvicultural research at forest and landscape levels. Therefore, the all-Division meeting on 16-18 November 2021 was titled "Scaling-up from tree and stand level research to sustainable silviculture at forest and landscape level". More<https://www.iufro.org/index.php?id=7321#c33464>…
Population Genetics and Genomics Research for Conservation, Climate Adaptation, Sustainable Management and Breeding of Tropical Trees (IUFRO World Day Session)
The Working Party on Population, Ecological and Conservation Genetics organized a session as part of the IUFRO World Day on 29 September 2021 to highlight emerging population genetics and genomics approaches for much needed conservation and sustainable management and utilization of tree genetic resources. More<https://www.iufro.org/index.php?id=7321#c33465>…
Congratulations to Shirong Liu, IUFRO Vice-President!
[Photo showing Team members working in experimental field. Photo credit: ECTF.]
The interdisciplinary project – The Cornerstone Technology in Managing Typical Forest Ecosystems in Southern China for Multiple Functions and Its Application – led by Prof. Liu Shirong, President of Chinese Academy of Forestry (CAF) was awarded the second prize of the State Scientific and Technological Progress Award. More<https://www.iufro.org/index.php?id=7321#c33466>…
Congratulations to Mike Wingfield, IUFRO Immediate Past President!
On 16 November, the University of Pretoria (UP) announced that Professor Mike Wingfield had been named on the annual Highly Cited Researchers™ 2021 list from Clarivate. Prof. Wingfield, Advisor to the UP Executive and a Forestry and Agriculture Biotechnology Institute (FABI) research professor, features on the prestigious list for the fifth consecutive year. More<https://www.iufro.org/index.php?id=7321#c33467>…
Trends in Forest-related Employment and Tertiary Education: Insights from Selected Key Countries around the Globe
The report highlights trends in forest-related employment, including green jobs, in seven selected countries: Brazil, China, Finland, Germany, Indonesia, South Africa and the United States of America, and provides insights into how forest-related tertiary education in these countries is addressing these trends. More<https://www.iufro.org/index.php?id=7321#c33446>…
IUFRO Website Features
IUFRO News Double Issue 11/12, 2021, published in December 2021
by IUFRO Headquarters, Marxergasse 2, 1030 Vienna, Austria.
Available for download at: https://www.iufro.org/publications/news/electronic-news/
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If you wish to unsubscribe from IUFRO News, please reply to this newsletter by e-mail (burger(at)iufro.org<mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org>).
The International Tree Mortality Network, an initiative of the IUFRO
task force on monitoring trends and patterns in global tree mortality,
continues the online seminar series join on *December 9, 2 pm CET / 4 pm
*Dr. Viacheslav Kharuk*
*Title: Conifer decline and mortality in Siberia***
_Abstract:_ Conifer decline and mortality in the 21st century has been
observed all over the boreal forests zone (e.g., Boyd et al., 2019),
Europe (e.g., Hasenauer, & Seidl, 2017), and Russia (e.g., Kharuk et
al., 2020). This report focused mostly on the causes of Siberian pine
(/Pinus sibirica/ Du Tour.) and fir (/Abies sibirica/ Ledeb) decline and
mortality in Siberia. In addition, recent insect (/Zeiraphera griseana/)
and fungi (/Melampsora/ sp.) attacks on the /Larix sibirica/ stands are
1. Warming caused northward and uphill migration of the Siberian moth
(/Dendrolimus sibiricus/ Tschetv.) outbreaks range into the former
2. Siberian fir mortality caused by the synergy of bark-beetles
(/Polygraphus proximus/ Blandford.) attacks and water stress.
3. Siberian pine and fir forest mortality preceded by trees growth index
(GI) reduction caused by elevated air temperatures, acute droughts and
following on insect attacks.
4. In mountains forest mortality observed mostly at low elevations,
whereas within the areas with sufficient moisture availability (i.e., at
elevations above ~1000 m) trees GI and forest area are increasing.
5. Consecutive years with elevated air temperature provoked immense
insect (/Zeiraphera griseana/) outbreak within relatively dry larch
habitat and fungi (/Melampsora/ sp.) outbreak within moisture larch habitat.
6. With the projected drought increase, precipitation-sensitive Siberian
pine and fir would retreat from its southern low elevation ranges and
substitute by tolerant species (e.g., /Betula/ spp, /Larix sibirica/,
_Bio:_ Dr. Viacheslav Kharuk is the Head of the Forest Monitoring Lab at
the Sukachev Institute of Forests. His main research areas are forest
ecology and dynamics, remote sensing, climate and biotic impacts, and
*Please register for the Zoom Webinar: *
Note that the talks might be recorded.
Seminar # 1: Matt Hansen - Global forest monitoring using satellite data
Seminar # 2: Flavia Costa - Tree mortality in the Amazon
Seminar #3: Belinda Medlyn
Seminar #4: Nate McDowell
Seminar #5: Lisa Hülsmann
Seminar #6: Craig D Allen
Seminar #7: Yude Pan
*Visit us at:*
Dr. (habil.) Henrik Hartmann
MPI for Biogeochemistry
Hans Knöll Str. 10
07745 Jena, Germany
International Tree Mortality Network
IUFRO Task Force on monitoring of global tree mortality patterns and trends